Fifty Years Ago – May 4 – Kent and Jackson State


This Monday, May 4, marks the 50th anniversary of the Kent State shootings involving the killing of 4 unarmed university students by the Ohio National Guard.  It was a time when armed soldiers of the state shot down unarmed students.  Kids should know about these things.

Jeffrey Glenn Miller was 20 years old. He was 265 feet from the National Guard and was shot through the mouth, He was killed instantly.

Allison B. Krause, 19 was 343 feet away and died from a fatal chest wound.

William Knox Schroeder, 19, was 383 feet away and was shot in the back. He died in hospital.

Sandra Lee Scheuer, 20, was 390 feet away from the Guard and was shot in the neck. She bled out while lying on the ground.

Nine other students were wounded, including one permanently paralyzed from the chest down.

The record states that the Guardsmen fired 67 rounds in 13 seconds.

Several days before the campus protests over the expansion of the war into Cambodia, President Nixon called the student protesters “bums”.

The day before the killings an emotional Governor Rhodes of Ohio pounded on the desk and called the student protesters un-American, referring to them as revolutionaries set on destroying higher education in Ohio.

“We’ve seen here at the city of Kent especially, probably the most vicious form of campus oriented violence yet perpetrated by dissident groups. They make definite plans of burning, destroying, and throwing rocks at police, and at the National Guard and the Highway Patrol. This is when we’re going to use every part of the law enforcement agency of Ohio to drive them out of Kent. We are going to eradicate the problem. We’re not going to treat the symptoms. ”

Rhodes said. “They’re the worst type of people that we harbor in America. Now I want to say this. They are not going to take over the campus. I think that we’re up against the strongest, well-trained, militant, revolutionary group that has ever assembled in America.” Rhodes can be heard in the recording of his speech yelling and pounding his fists on the desk.

When I wrote about these incidents on the 45th anniversary the following comment was posted by Sojourner:

“I am from Ohio, and Kent State really changed my life, as it did many my age. I was twenty-years old at the time, and very naive, and this really shook up the world for me, as had losing a close friend in Vietnam a few years earlier.

My paternal grandfather was wealthy and into politics, in the twenties and thirties. And he had several run ins with Rhodes, on a very personal level. Rhodes was an evil, ugly man, a Dick Cheney type, and he was hated in this state after these students were murdered.

I saw an interview with one of the guardsmen, a few months back, and he said most of them shot into the air. But he said a few were out for blood that day, and they got what they wanted.”

In response to the Kent State killings, over 100,000 came to Washing ton to protest and some 4 million students went out on strike and closed down some 450 campuses across the country.

Forgotten in the aftermath of Kent State are the Jackson State killings on May 15, 1970 in Jackson, Mississippi.

The black student body at the historically black, segregated school was protesting the Cambodian incursion and were confronted by city and the Mississippi state police. After midnight police moved to disburse the crowd which had gathered in front of the women’s dorm.

Advancing to within 50 feet the troopers opened fire; the gunfire lasted for 30 seconds, and at least 140 shots were fired by a reported 40 state highway patrolmen using shotguns from 30 to 50 feet. Every window on the narrow side of the building facing Lynch Street was shattered.

Phillip Lafayette Gibbs, 21, a junior, and James Earl Green, 17, a senior and miler at nearby Jim Hill High School, were killed; twelve others were wounded.

There were no arrests in connection with the deaths at Jackson State although an investigating commission called the fusillade “unwarranted”.

The University has memorialized the “tragic occurrence”  by naming the area of the shootings Gibbs-Green Plaza.

No one remembers Jackson State. The students were black and unarmed, killed by Mississippi state troopers with shot guns. It was nothing new in 1970 America.  The media did not cover the incident and few know or remember.

Phillip Lafayette Gibbs

James Earl Green

Lest we forget


About toritto

I was born during year four of the reign of Emperor Tiberius Claudius on the outskirts of the empire in Brooklyn. I married my high school sweetheart, the girl I took to the prom and we were together for forty years until her passing in 2004. We had four kids together and buried two together. I had a successful career in Corporate America (never got rich but made a living) and traveled the world. I am currently retired in the Tampa Bay metro area and live alone. One of my daughters is close by and one within a morning’s drive. They call their pops everyday. I try to write poetry (not very well), and about family. Occasionally I will try a historical piece relating to politics. :-)
This entry was posted in history and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

14 Responses to Fifty Years Ago – May 4 – Kent and Jackson State

  1. Dr. Rex says:

    Reblogged this on It Is What It Is and commented:
    I fully remember … that picture: seared in my mind!!
    “This Monday, May 4, marks the 50th anniversary of the Kent State shootings involving the killing of 4 unarmed university students by the Ohio National Guard. It was a time when armed soldiers of the state shot down unarmed students. “

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Brookingslib says:

    Thanks for this wonderful post toritto. I’m originally from Ohio and was 8 years old when it happened. I’ll never forget it. We lived in Akron, about 20 minutes from the Kent State campus. Both of my older brothers were draft eligible and my oldest drew a very low draft number and thought he would have to go to Vietnam. Neither of them ultimately had to serve, both for differing reasons. But they were both vociferous in their anger at the war and the oldest was in Kent on the Friday after Nixon announced the invasion into Cambodia. That of course was the beginning of what was to eventually result in the slaughter of 4 students and the wounding of nine others. We can NEVER forget this incident. We know our government lies to us. This, or something like this, could absolutely happen again…..if we let it.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. jfwknifton says:

    Thanks for reminding us of all that. I remember Kent but the events at Jackson were not reported here as far as I know. England had great support for the American people of colour and no love whatsoever for Nixon and his ilk. We all had a favourite black hero, the same one, Muhammad Ali.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. beetleypete says:

    I was 18, and remember watching it on the news with incredulity. It seems like that was last week.
    Now, protestors with assault rifles can stomp around, and not even get arrested. Those college kids were shot for shouting, and throwing rocks.
    Has anything got better? I don’t think so.
    Best wishes, Pete.

    Liked by 1 person

  5. Elizabeth says:

    I was more moved by the Jackson State murders at the time. I think I was at that point living in a very integrated community where it was a bigger deal than the Kent State. Both were horrors.

    Liked by 1 person

  6. I remember both incidents very well. I was an international exchange student in Australia at the time and was shocked and ashamed of what was happening in the U.S.

    Liked by 1 person

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.